Building the Panama Canal

Regarding engineering and facilitating international trade, the Panama Canal is unparalleled. Initiated in the 1880s under French direction, construction was delayed by plague and economic hardship. In 1904 the United States seized control and, although facing similar challenges, finished the canal by 1914.

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Operation Just Cause

United States’ Operation Just Cause, which took place in December 1989, was a major military action. Its main goal was to get rid of Panamanian dictator General Manuel Noriega and bring back democracy government in Panama. The operation showed that military action can be used to protect American interests and

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