The nuclear catastrophe at Three Mile Island (TMI) is a watershed moment in the development of the nuclear power industry. It happened at the Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Station in Pennsylvania, USA, on March 28, 1979. The partial meltdown of the reactor core was caused by a confluence of
Alcatraz Island The island of Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay is steeped in centuries of history. During the 19th century, the island was a crucial military stronghold before being transformed into an infamous federal jail. To secure the expanding city of San Francisco, the United States Army built a fortress
Both the civil rights movement and the country were dealt a severe blow with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s killing on April 4, 1968. Dr. King was a dynamic leader and a strong proponent of peaceful protest who dedicated his life to ending racial discrimination in the United States. In
The Bannock Uprising is a pivotal moment in Western history, yet it is typically glossed over. In 1878 and 1879, the Bannock and Paiute tribes fought against the United States troops and settlers in the western United States. Understanding the intricacies of indigenous-white interactions during a period of fast expansion
Battle of Antietam One of the deadliest and most pivotal conflicts in American history, the Battle of Antietam, took place on September 17, 1862, not far from Sharpsburg, Maryland, during the American Civil War. It was the war’s first significant battle fought on territory controlled by the Union. General George
In the context of the larger American Indian Wars, the 1861 Battle of Apache Pass in what is now southeastern Arizona was a key combat during the American Civil War. During the Civil War, Apache warriors fought against the California Column, a unit of the Union Army entrusted with guarding
The Nez Perce tribe’s involvement in the Battle of Bear Paw is a pivotal moment in the history of U.S.-Native American relations. The Nez Perce War, which broke out when the United States tried to relocate the tribe onto a reservation, was finally resolved during this battle in September 1877.
The Battle of Eutaw Springs, fought on September 8, 1781, near present-day Eutawville, South Carolina, was a pivotal engagement in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War. It marked the culmination of a series of clashes in the Carolinas and played a significant role in the eventual American victory.
Stories of bravery, struggle, and the collision of cultures at the historic Battle of Little Bighorn in the American West continue to captivate readers. In June of 1876, the U.S. 7th Cavalry, under the command of General George Custer clashed with a coalition of Lakota Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes.
The United States and the Empire of Japan engaged in a decisive naval battle from June 4 to June 7, 1942, a turning point in the war. The combat, which took place in the Pacific close to Midway Atoll, was pivotal because it prevented Japan from gaining territorial and naval control.
From January 8-18, 1815, during the War of 1812, the important Battle of New Orleans demonstrated the resolve and prowess of the American soldiers. The American force, led by General Andrew Jackson, fought against the British expeditionary army outside of New Orleans, Louisiana.
The Bonneville Salt Flats in northwest Utah are a one-of-a-kind and breathtaking landscape that has captivated explorers, athletes, and tourists for centuries. Salt crust from old Lake Bonneville, which covered much of the area during the Ice Age, formed the flats, which span over 30,000 acres.
The establishment of the Bretton Woods System of Monetary Management in 1944 was a watershed point in international finance. Bretton Woods, New Hampshire was the site of the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, where the idea for the system was hatched. To ensure a consistent exchange rate, the participating
In 1848, when gold was discovered at Sutter’s Mill in California, a chain of events began that would forever alter the course of American history. The story of the gold find traveled rapidly, drawing fortune seekers from all over the world to the far western border. The possibility of making
Famous for his explorations in the 18th century, British explorer and navigator Captain James Cook is often cited as an inspiration. After Cook’s birth in 1728, he didn’t embark on his first big trip until 1768, when he sailed the HMS Endeavour to the Pacific to witness the transit of
A well-known part of American history, the Chisholm Trail stands for the time of cattle runs and the Old West. In the late 1800s, this path was used to move cattle from ranches in Texas to railheads in Kansas. From there, the cattle could be shipped to markets in the
The American Civil Rights Movement was a watershed moment in history’s long march toward racial harmony and social fairness. The Civil Rights Movement, which lasted from the mid-1950s to the late-1960s, was an effort to end racial discrimination and segregation in the United States.
Located in Virginia, Colonial Williamsburg is a museum that brings the American colonial era to life. Williamsburg was the state capital and cultural epicenter of Virginia in the 18th century; it was founded in the early 20th century and has been painstakingly rebuilt to evoke that era.
A complicated and severe environmental disaster, the Deepwater Horizon oil leak (also known as the BP oil spill) occurred in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010. This occurrence provides a deep and varied topic for a book, giving readers insight into the complex relationships between technology, industry, nature, and individual
In 1846–1847, a tragic and terrifying event known as the Donner Party occurred in the United States. From Illinois, a party of pioneers led by George Donner and James F. Reed set out for California in search of better opportunities. Unfortunately, the journey was plagued by difficulties and setbacks that
During the 1930s, the Great Plains were hit hard by the Dust Bowl, a tragic period in American history. Dust storms were more frequent and more intense, and broad ecological deterioration occurred, all as a result of a confluence of environmental, agricultural, and economic forces. The land’s indigenous grasses were
The terrible death of the great Apache chief Geronimo is linked to the New Mexico fort known as Fort Sumner. During the Navajo Long Walk, when the tribe was forcibly relocated to the Bosque Redondo Reservation, the soldiers constructed a fort in 1862 and gave it the name Fort Sumner.
The American Civil War was sparked in large part by the firing of the first shot from Fort Sumter, a historic fort located on an island in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The fort, which was built after the War of 1812, was designed to protect the harbor’s approach.
The Freedom House Ambulance Service, based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, holds a significant place in the history of emergency medical services (EMS) in the United States. Established in 1967, it was one of the first ambulance services in the country staffed by African Americans. This groundbreaking initiative was born out of
A fascinating and turbulent period in the annals of American organized crime is that of the Gangs of New York Mob, often known as the Five Points Gang. During the late 19th and early 20th century, when New York City was teeming with immigrants and riddled with poverty and crime,
The Gare Montparnasse train wreck happened in Paris, France, on October 22, 1895. It is still remembered as one of the most famous and dramatic train wrecks ever. The train, which was en route from Granville in Normandy to Montparnasse Station in Paris, derailed after it missed its stop.
Located in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Gettysburg National Military Park is a revered and moving memorial to a critical Civil War fight. On July 1-3, 1863, Union forces defeated Confederate forces led by General Robert E. Lee at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and therefore turned the tide of the war.
The Grand Coulee Dam is a landmark engineering achievement that changed the face of the American landscape and had far-reaching effects on the country’s economy and way of life. A book that delves into the history of this magnificent structure and the changes it ushered in is a fascinating voyage
One of the strongest and most consequential seismic occurrences ever recorded was the Great Alaskan Earthquake of 1964. It was the biggest earthquake ever recorded in North America, and it happened on March 27, 1964, with a magnitude of 9.2. Prince William Sound was close to the epicenter of the earthquake.
One of Minnesota’s worst natural disasters was the Great Hinckley Fire of 1894. A large wildfire broke out in northeastern Minnesota on September 1, fueled by drought, hot temperatures, and strong winds. Hinckley and its environs were devastated by the fire that spread quickly through the area. Tragic losses of
Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 is widely regarded as one of the most consequential natural disasters in United States history, having had far-reaching effects on the country’s culture, economy, and government. To better understand the intricacies of human and environmental relationships, a book on
The Hancock County War, sometimes known as Hancock’s War, took place in the middle of the 19th century in Hancock County, Illinois. Tensions arose between Mormon settlers, led by Joseph Smith, and non-Mormons in the area during the years 1844 and 1845, leading to armed combat.
The 33rd President of the United States, Harry S. Truman, will forever be remembered for the way he guided the country through perilous times. After World War II, during Truman’s administration (which lasted from 1945 to 1953), several important things were accomplished.
Hatfields and McCoys Feud Along the boundary between Kentucky and West Virginia in the late 19th century, a bloody family feud between the Hatfields and the McCoys played out, becoming the stuff of legend. Several generations and many lives were lost in the bloody war between the McCoy and Hatfield
Hindenburg Disaster The Hindenburg Disaster is a symbol of the dangers of airship flight and one of the most catastrophic engineering catastrophes in history. During its attempt to dock at Naval Air Station Lakehurst in Manchester Township, New Jersey, on May 6, 1937, the German passenger airship LZ 129 Hindenburg
Often called the “Main Street of America,” Route 66 is a renowned highway that had a profound impact on American history, geography, and culture. Originally established in 1926, this legendary highway covered eight states and more than 2,400 miles from Chicago to Santa Monica.
History of Kit Carson Christopher “Kit” Carson, a legendary figure of the American West, was a frontiersman, trapper, scout, and soldier who played a significant role in shaping the expansion of the United States into the western territories during the 19th century. Born on December 24, 1809, in Kentucky, Carson moved
Hyatt Regency Walkway Collapse Insight into the significance of correct design, construction, and safety measures in megastructures can be gained from studying the terrible Hyatt Regency Walkway Collapse of 1981. The events leading up to the accident, the subsequent inquiry, and the enduring impact on engineering methods and laws would
Impossible Railroad Facebook Twitter Pinterest Email The Impossible Railroad, officially known as the San Diego and Arizona Eastern Railway, is a historic rail line that traverses challenging terrain in California and Arizona. Conceived in the early 20th century, the railway aimed to connect San Diego and Yuma, facilitating transportation and
Located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Independence Hall is a landmark that played a pivotal role in the development of the United States. The Pennsylvania State House, which was completed in 1753, was the major meeting venue for the Second Continental Congress and saw the unfolding of some of the most pivotal
John Paul Jones, the Scottish-American naval hero, is best known for his daring USS Ranger mission during the American Revolutionary War. In 1777, he was given command of the USS Ranger, a small warship. His orders were to sail to France, a key ally of the American colonies, to seek
The Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC), located in Houston, Texas, is a renowned hub for human spaceflight and a central component of NASA’s operations. Established in 1961 as the Manned Spacecraft Center, it was renamed in 1973 in honor of President Lyndon B. Johnson, who was instrumental in the
Johnstown Flood The Johnstown Flood, which took place on May 31, 1889, was a devastating occurrence in Pennsylvania, United States. The town of Johnstown and its surrounding environs were destroyed by the tremendous release of water caused by the catastrophic fall of the South Fork Dam. Originally, the reservoir that
Kennedy Space Center NASA’s primary launch center for human spaceflight and space exploration missions is the Kennedy Space Center, which is located on Merritt Island, Florida. Its origins are entwined with those of the American space program and the exploration of space. Originally founded in 1962 as the Launch Operations
The evolution of bourbon in the Bluegrass State is a fascinating example of American ingenuity, craftsmanship, and respect for the past. In the late 18th century, Kentucky’s rich land and plentiful corn yields made it a perfect location for whiskey manufacturing, giving rise to what would become one of America’s
The Klondike Gold Rush of 1896-1899 was a transformative event that drew tens of thousands of prospectors and fortune seekers to the remote Yukon Territory in northwestern Canada. It all began when gold was discovered in Bonanza Creek, a tributary of the Klondike River, in August 1896. This discovery set
Las Vegas The evolution and regeneration of Las Vegas is a fascinating narrative. After the Hoover Dam was built in the 1930s, the city of Las Vegas expanded rapidly from its humble beginnings as a dusty railroad halt in the Mojave Desert. The city’s growth was further encouraged by the
From 1804 to 1806, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark embarked on the historic Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery. It was commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson to investigate and chart the enormous country encompassing the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains that had recently been
Lockheed Martin Skunk Works A fascinating look into the realm of cutting-edge aircraft development and invention may be had by studying Lockheed Martin Skunk Works, the storied and mysterious aerospace branch of Lockheed Martin. Skunk Works, which was founded in 1943 by the visionary engineer Clarence “Kelly” Johnson, has been
Louisiana Purchase America’s territorial expansion and its standing as a worldwide power were both shaped by the Louisiana Purchase. To double the size of the country, President Thomas Jefferson in 1803 arranged the acquisition of over 828,000 square miles of land from France for $15 million. The Louisiana Purchase was
Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was a spectacular scientific and engineering feat with far-reaching ramifications for the globe, and it was also one of the most covert projects in human history. During World War II, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada collaborated on a top-secret research and development
The horrific event known as the Massacre at Wounded Knee took place on the Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota on December 29, 1890. The United States government’s pursuit of a group of Lakota Sioux who practiced the Ghost Dance movement was the culmination of a long period
An important turning point in the history of American expansion occurred during the Mexican-American War (1846–1848). Tensions between Texas and Mexico erupted into a full-scale war due to territorial issues and competing interpretations of the border between the two countries. The annexation of Texas by the United States and the
Miami Cocaine War The cocaine wars in Miami were fought throughout the 1970s and 1980s, when large quantities of cocaine and other illegal substances entered the country through the port of Miami. As a port of entry for narcotics smuggled from South America, Miami became into a significant drug trafficking
The Million Dollar Highway is a famous scenic byway in the United States, and the history of the area is as fascinating as the wild scenery it passes through. This section of Colorado’s US Route 550 was originally built in the late 19th century as a supply road for the
Located on the border between Arizona and Utah in the southwestern United States is the stunningly beautiful and culturally significant Monument Valley. Red sandstone buttes and mesas, sculpted by wind and water over millions of years, have enthralled visitors for decades.
Mount Rushmore The Black Hills of South Dakota are home to Mount Rushmore, an iconic national monument that honors four of America’s most beloved presidents. Faces of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln are carved into the granite mountain face at a height of 60 feet (18
Mount Vernon The historic estate of George Washington, first President of the United States, is located in Virginia on the banks of the Potomac River and is known as Mount Vernon. Mount Vernon’s history provides an engaging and all-encompassing window into the life, legacy, and accomplishments of a founding father
The Negro Leagues were a group of professional baseball leagues in the United States that ran from the late 19th century until Major League Baseball (MLB) integrated in 1947. The majority of the players in these leagues were African Americans and Latinx. The leagues gave black athletes who couldn’t play
The French Quarter, or Vieux Carré, of New Orleans is a historic and culturally significant area with fascinating roots in the city’s early development. New Orleans was founded in 1718 by the French adventurer Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, who also made it the capital of French Louisiana.
Oregon Trail The Oregon Trail is a legendary highway that was instrumental in the 19th-century westward development of the United States. The trail connected thousands of pioneers who were heading west to the bountiful fields of the Oregon Country, California, and other western regions. It spanned around 2,170 miles. The
Osage Reign of Terror The Osage Murders, often called the Osage Reign of Terror, occurred in the 1920s in Osage County, Oklahoma, and represent a terrifying and dark period in American history. In the early 20th century, the Osage Nation became one of the world’s richest groups thanks in large
Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor, located in Hawaii, is forever etched in history as the site of a devastating surprise attack by the Japanese on December 7, 1941. This attack propelled the United States into World War II, altering the course of global events. The attack targeted the U.S. Pacific Fleet,
The attack on Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941, marked a pivotal moment in world history, propelling the United States into World War II. Conducted by the Japanese Imperial Navy, the surprise assault targeted the U.S. Pacific Fleet stationed at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. In a devastating air raid, Japanese
The Pequot War, which occurred in New England between 1636 and 1637, was a bloody war between English colonists and the Pequot people. Many lives were lost, and communities were torn apart because of territorial conflicts, rivalry for resources, and cultural differences that sparked the war.
Blackbeard, whose real name was likely Edward Teach (or Thatch), is one of the most infamous pirates in history. He terrorized the seas of the early 18th century, particularly the West Indies and the eastern coast of North America. Blackbeard’s legend was built on his fearsome appearance, with his thick,
The Pony Express was a revolutionary postal transportation system that shaped the settlement of the American West when it operated from 1860 to 1861. The Pony Express changed the way mail was delivered throughout the country by covering the approximately 2,000 miles between Missouri and California in just ten days,
The Pro Football Hall of Fame, also called the NFL Hall of Fame, is a place where the best players, teachers, and people who have helped American football are honored. It has been around since 1963 and is in Canton, Ohio. It has become the sport’s most important shrine.
The “Glomar Explorer,” or Project Azorian, was one of the United States’ most daring and secretive naval efforts. Beginning in the late 1960s, when the Cold War was at its height, the CIA attempted to salvage the Soviet submarine K-129 after it sank in the Pacific Ocean in 1968.
Roswell The city of Roswell, New Mexico, has a rich and unusual history that has captivated people all over the world. In 1947, it rose to prominence after stories surfaced of a possible UFO crash in the surrounding desert. Known as the “Roswell UFO Incident,” it is still widely discussed
Baja California, the elongated peninsula stretching alongside Mexico’s western coast, has a history rich with cultural and geographical significance. The region was inhabited by indigenous peoples long before Spanish colonization, with the Kumeyaay and Cochimí being prominent groups.
Salem Witch Trials Memorial In 1692, in the historic town of Massachusetts, the heinous Salem Witch Trials took place. People were accused of witchcraft and put on trial in a series of hearings and prosecutions. It all started when a group of teenage girls accused several ladies of bewitching them
Salt Lake City History books on Salt Lake City, Utah’s capital, are guaranteed page-turners due to the city’s fascinating background. Utah’s capital city has a special place in American history as the spiritual and cultural epicenter of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), which was founded
The Salton Sea, located in Southern California’s Imperial Valley, has a fascinating and tumultuous history dating back to the early 20th century. Originally a dry desert basin, it was transformed into a massive inland lake by accident in 1905 when the Colorado River breached irrigation canals, flooding the area. Over
Connecting the eastern United States to Santa Fe, New Mexico, and on to Mexico, the Santa Fe Trail was an important commerce route in the 19th century. Invaluable to the westward expansion of the United States and the development of trade with Mexican areas
Sedona Sedona, Arizona, is home to some of the most breathtaking red rock formations in the world, and it also has a fascinating history. The history of the region is intertwined with that of its ancient indigenous civilizations, the Spanish conquest of the area, and the growth of the region
During the American Civil War, Sherman led a famous military expedition known as the March to the Sea. General William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army marched his troops through the heart of the Confederacy in 1864, wreaking havoc along the way from Atlanta to Savannah. By attacking the South’s
A dark period in Minnesota’s history, the Dakota War of 1862 was also known as the Sioux Uprising. The war broke out in August 1862 due to unfulfilled promises, poor living circumstances, and underlying tensions between the Dakota Sioux and American settlers. The Dakota people were desperate as a result
Smithsonian Institute The Smithsonian Institution, or simply the Smithsonian, is a collection of museums, galleries, and research facilities in Washington, DC, that draws visitors from all over the world. The Smithsonian Institution was founded in 1846 and is home to 19 museums, 21 libraries, 9 research institutes, and the National
Statue of Liberty Standing tall on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, the Statue of Liberty has welcomed millions of immigrants and tourists to the United States since its dedication in 1886. The statue, created by French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and dedicated on October 28, 1886, was a gift
Tacoma Narrows Bridge Disaster In the annals of civil engineering, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge Disaster, or “Galloping Gertie,” stands out as both a remarkable and sad occurrence. On November 7, 1940, only four months after its official opening, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Washington state fell owing to aerodynamic forces.
Texas City Disaster On April 16, 1947, in Texas City, Texas, one of the deadliest industrial accidents in United States history occurred. The SS Grandcamp, a French cargo ship carrying ammonium nitrate fertilizer, exploded while docked at the Texas City port, causing the disaster. As a result of the initial
The Alamo San Antonio, Texas, is home to the famous Alamo, a mission that played a pivotal role in the fight for Texas independence and American history. Spanish colonists founded Mission San Antonio de Valero in the 18th century to spread Christianity among the surrounding Native American population. As Spanish
Canyon Diablo, located in Arizona, is a haunting relic of the Old West, often referred to as a “ghost town.” This eerie settlement was once a bustling hub during the late 19th century, serving as a critical stop along the Santa Fe Railroad. It gained notoriety for its rowdy reputation,
The Great Steel Strike of 1919 stands as a pivotal moment in American labor history, symbolizing the struggles and aspirations of industrial workers during the early 20th century. Triggered by harsh working conditions, meager wages, and a desire for union representation, hundreds of thousands of steelworkers took to the picket
Tombstone Famous for its silver mining boom and the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Tombstone, Arizona has become an iconic and legendary town of the American Wild West. Tombstone was founded in 1879, and its rapid growth to the status of a thriving frontier town attracted miners, gamblers, outlaws, and
Trail of Tears Thousands of Native American tribes were forcibly removed and relocated from their native homelands in the 1830s, marking a terrible and shameful episode in American history known as the Trail of Tears. The United States government adopted the strategy of Indian removal as part of the Indian
Transcontinental Railroad The construction of the transcontinental railroad was an enormous effort that changed the face of the United States forever by linking the country’s eastern and western coasts. The plan was to connect the Central Pacific Railroad in Sacramento, California to the Union Pacific Railroad in Omaha, Nebraska. In
For workers’ rights activists and those concerned about workplace safety, the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire marks a watershed moment. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City occurred on March 25, 1911. Young immigrant women were the majority of the factory’s workforce, and they endured appalling working conditions, including overcrowded
The Underground Railroad exemplifies the resilience of the human spirit in the face of injustice. In the 19th century, this underground system provided crucial support for African Americans fighting to escape slavery. Slaves on the run were helped by a web of sympathizers and hiding places to make their way
The American Revolution would not have been successful without George Washington’s leadership throughout the brutal winter of 1777–1778 at Valley Forge. Low morale, a lack of supplies, and bad weather were just a few of the obstacles that Washington had to overcome as Commander in Chief of the Continental Army.
Waco Massacre Tragic and divisive, the 1993 Waco Massacre occurred in Waco, Texas. The Branch Davidians, commanded by David Koresh (born Vernon Wayne Howell), were in a standoff with federal law enforcement for 51 days. The Branch Davidians were a sect of the Davidians who had settled in the Mount
The Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 was a watershed event that exemplified the struggle between federal authority and local resistance in early America. The new United States government’s federal excise duty on distilled spirits, especially whiskey, was a major catalyst for the rebellion’s spread in western Pennsylvania.
Wild West history in Colorado is a fascinating narrative of pioneers, prospectors, lawmen, outlaws, and the chase of dreams in a harsh and unforgiving landscape. Colorado became a center for excitement and prosperity in the late 19th century, when the Gold Rush swept the American West.
Wright Brothers National Memorial Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina is home to the Wright Brothers National Memorial, which honors Orville and Wilbur Wright for making history by completing the first controlled, powered flight. The Wright Brothers Memorial is located near the site of their first successful flight on December 17,