San Antonio, Texas, is home to the famous Alamo, a mission that played a pivotal role in the fight for Texas independence and American history. Spanish colonists founded Mission San Antonio de Valero in the 18th century to spread Christianity among the surrounding Native American population.
As Spanish influence in Texas waned in the early 19th century, the church no longer had a role in running the mission. The Texas Revolution began in 1835 as a bid for independence from Mexican sovereignty, with American settlers and the Mexican government at odds.
Mexican forces led by General Antonio López de Santa Anna laid siege to the Alamo in December 1835 while it was still held by Texan forces. The defenders, who included William B. Travis, Davy Crockett, and James Bowie, fought bravely for 13 days before being overrun by the Mexican army.
Despite the Texan forces’ defeat at the Alamo, the battle became a symbol of the fight for Texas’s independence and a call to arms for many. A short time later, in 1836, the Republic of Texas was established after Texas won a decisive victory in the Battle of San Jacinto.
The Alamo is a revered emblem of Texas pride and independence today. Visitors from all over the world come to pay their respects at this museum and memorial to the warriors who fought for freedom and impacted Texas’s history.