After American and Filipino soldiers surrendered to the Japanese in the Philippines in April 1942, the terrible Bataan Death March unfolded. A torturous march of about 65 miles was imposed on tens of thousands of surrendered soldiers after the bloody Battle of Bataan. The detainees were beaten, starved, and otherwise mistreated as they marched in the sweltering heat.
During World War II in the Philippines, the naval combat known as the Battle of Leyte Gulf took place from October 23rd to the 26th, 1944. It included a number of separate engagements and proved to be a watershed moment in the Pacific theater of war. The United States and its allies fought against the Imperial Japanese Navy in this war.