Between the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the United States was heavily involved in a string of military interventions, occupations, and wars known as the Banana Wars across Central America and the Caribbean. These interventions were initiated to safeguard American investments and guarantee regional stability, and were motivated by economic motives, political power, and geopolitical reasons.
One of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere, Haiti was devastated by the earthquake that hit on January 12, 2010. The 7.0 magnitude earthquake’s epicenter was located not far from Port-au-Prince, the country’s capital. Buildings, infrastructure, and residences were all destroyed, and an estimated 230,000 people lost their lives as a result of the calamity.