The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 was a pivotal moment in the Cold War, bringing the world to the brink of nuclear war. It began when American U-2 spy planes discovered that the Soviet Union was secretly installing nuclear missiles in Cuba, just 90 miles from the United States. This discovery triggered a 13-day standoff between the two superpowers.
Due to a botched covert military operation in 1961, Cuba’s Bay of Pigs (Baha de Cochinos in Spanish) became famous around the world. The incident became emblematic of the Cold War and the escalating tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union.