Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China, an iconic symbol of human engineering and fortification, boasts a history spanning over two millennia. Construction of the wall began in the 7th century BC, during the Warring States period, when various Chinese states erected walls to protect their territories from invading nomadic tribes.
The most famous sections of the Great Wall were built during the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC) by China’s first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, who connected and extended existing walls into a formidable defense system. Over the centuries, succeeding dynasties, including the Han, Ming, and Qing, further expanded and reinforced the wall.
The Great Wall’s primary purpose was defense, safeguarding China’s northern border from Mongol and Xiongnu invasions. Beyond its military role, it also served as a means of controlling trade, immigration, and communication along the Silk Road.
Stretching over 13,000 miles, the Great Wall is a testament to ancient China’s architectural prowess and determination. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an enduring symbol of China’s rich history and enduring culture, drawing millions of visitors from around the world who marvel at its grandeur and significance.