Chisholm Trail Cattle Drive
A well-known part of American history, the Chisholm Trail stands for the time of cattle runs and the Old West. In the late 1800s, this path was used to move cattle from ranches in Texas to railheads in Kansas. From there, the cattle could be shipped to markets in the East.
Jesse Chisholm, a trader and guide with Scottish and Cherokee roots, paved a wagon road through Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) in the 1860s. The Chisholm road is named after him. Cattle farmers liked this trail over time and used it a lot.
The Chisholm Trail saw the most cattle drives from the late 1860s to the 1880s, when farmers in Texas tried to meet the growing demand for beef in the East Coast, which was growing very quickly. Ranch hands, who were often African American, Mexican, or Native American, worked with cowboys to lead thousands of cattle on long, hard trips that could last months.
The Chisholm Trail lives on in popular culture as a symbol of the idealized American cowboy and the time of the cattle drive. It was a very important part of the cow business and the growth of the American West.