Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901)
From 1899 to 1901, the Boxer Rebellion was a major anti-foreign and anti-Christian revolt in China. The Boxers (Righteous and Harmonious Fists) were a secret club that formed in Northern China out of frustration with foreign influence and economic hardship. They wanted to get rid of Western influences, so they set their sights on expelling foreign powers and Chinese Christians.
In 1900, the Boxers stormed foreign embassies in Beijing with the implicit support of individuals within the Qing Dynasty. In response, a multinational force consisting of troops from different countries lifted the siege. The fighting got so bad that an all-out military assault against the Qing Dynasty was launched.
The revolt ended with the Treaty of Boxer Protocol (1901), which subjected China to reparations and increased foreign influence in the country. The uprising highlighted China’s internal flaws and fueled subsequent revolutionary movements, which eventually led to the Qing Dynasty’s collapse in 1911.